Nepal lies in mid Himalaya which occupies 0.3% of the Asia and 0.03% area of the world. Its latitude is 26*22’NL-30*27’NL and longitude of 80*4’E-88*12’E. Average length of Nepal is 885 Km and breadth of 193 Km. It’s neighbors are China which is 65 times larger than it and India 22 times larger. Nepal is a mountainous country which has 76% of the total land mountain and 24% land the Terai in the north. Nepal has total 6% area over 5000M.
Nepal’s mountains are divided into major three groups
The Greater Himalayas
The Border or Trans Himalayas
The Inner Himalayas
Nepal has world most famous mountain ranges like Mahalangur Range, Annapurna Range, Dhaulagiri Range, Langtang Range and many other’s . Most famous Mountains are Mount Everest (8848m), Kanchanjunga(8586m), Lhotse(8576m), Choyu, Makalu (8463m), Dhaulagiri (8167m), Manaslu (8163m), Ganesh Himal (7429m), Gaurishankar(7134m), and many more. The only 8000m higher peak of China Shshapangam(8012m) is seen very magnificent in Langtang Range.
Nepal’s geography is unique which ranges from 60m to 8848m which has made most diverse geography. Due to such variation with in the area of just 147181sq km natural diversity is very notable. The world’s deepest Gorge lies in Nepal which is the Gorge of Kaligandi(6967m).
Nepal has world’s most famous passes like Tiptala pass, Nangpala pass, Kodari Pass, Lugula Pass in Manang. Simillarly Nepal has about 6000 rivers which are graded into first second and third where the possibility of Rafting and other water activities is immense. Rivers like Trishuli, Mashyangdi, Seti, Bhote Koshi are world famous for Rafting activities. Nepal has different types of lakes which are not only beautiful but holy too. According to mode of formation they are classified into three groups as 1. Glacial lakes, 2. Tectonic lakes(lakes of hilly region) and 3. Ox Bow Lakes (lakes of Terai Region). Nepal’s Tilicho lake is situated in world’s highest point. Nepal’s highest waterfall is Suligad water fall which lies in Dolpa District and most beautiful fall Rupsey lies in Myagdi District.
Climate of Nepal
Nepal lies in Sub-Tropical climate belt of the world but due to great internal variation, the climate of Nepal is unique. Nepal’s climate is most affected by the Distance from the Sea and direction and slopes of the mountains. As temperature decreases with altitude lapse rate of 6 degree to 6.5 degree Celsius in 1000m ascent, much variation is seen.
Nepal’s climate is divided into two broad categories the summer condition From March to September and winter condition from October to February. The climate of Nepal is divided into 5 groups as Sub-Tropical climate (from 60-1200m), Warm Temperate (1200-2100m), Cool Temperate (2100-3300m), Alpine or cold climate (3300m-5000m) and Tundra or cold desert (5000-8848m). Nepal has Tundra vegetation in the Himalayas, Alpine vegetation, Evergreen coniferous forest, deciduous forest and subtropical evergreen forest in the low land of southern part.
Kathmandu is the capital of Nepal which is valley and surrounded by wooded hills. Highest nearest hill of Kathmandu is Phulchowki (2765m). Kathmandu has area of 668 sq Km. There are many myths about Kathmandu valley . Kathmandu valley’s average height is 1365m. Nagarkot (2175m), Pokhari Thumko (2005m) are some nearby hills from Kathmandu for splendid view of mountain ranges and the magnificent valley. The average temperature of Kathmandu is 5-28 degree Celsius. Most dominant climate of Kathmandu is warm temperate monsoon climate.
According to Lonely Planet’s Top Trekking places Everest Base Camp lies in fourth place. Here are many attractions in Nepal like cultural Heritages, Natural sites, unique cultures, different traditions and many more.
History of Nepal
Nepal’s history of the earlier time is mythical history based on legends and latter history is written history. Historically Nepal is a rich country where the light of Asia the enlightened Gautama Buddha was born, different sages were born and in the world Nepal has its unique reputation as the land of Gurkha’s. The royal dynasties like Gopal , Mahispala, Kiranta , Malla and shah ruled in Nepal and now it has been a republican country after the abolish of monarchial system in 2006 AD.
Nepal art and architecture are unique made in different style and Kathmandu the capital city is known as city of Temple where it exhibits unique temples dated from medieval to modern times. It is a seculiar country but majority of religious people are Hindus and Buddhists. Here the main sects of Hinduism are the Vedic Hindus who follow the teachings of Veda, the Tantric and the other hindus who follow self realization, devotional and yoga Paths.
The currency of Nepal is Rupees (1$=75 rupees approximately and it is matter of daily change). In Nepal here live the people of different tribes (about 102 tribes) and all groups of people have their own distinct culture which has made Nepal a living cultural museum. Still in Nepal Cast system is under practice where all the people of society are divided into four strata among which Brhman has the higher position, Chetries the warrior people in second, Vaisya or the merchant in the third and the Sudras or the untouchables in the last who’s duty is to work in the service of other higher caste people and this evil practice of society is slowly perishing away as the society is moving ahead with increased literacy rate and awareness.